All of the above. Panic disorder is characterized by unexpected and repeated episodes of intense fear accompanied by physical symptoms that may include chest pain, heart palpitations, shortness of breath, dizziness, or abdominal distress. These sensations often mimic symptoms of a heart attack or other life-threatening medical conditions. Left untreated, people with panic disorder can develop so many phobias about places or situations where panic attacks have occurred that they become housebound. Back to the quiz 7. True.
More: Anxiety Disorders Quiz – Mental Health Center: Medical Information on Mental Illness
A fairly routine visitor to the doctor as a child, for example, can spark a life-long fear of all medical professionals. Symptoms of panic disorder Many people who suffer from panic disorder use similar phrases when describing an incident it feels as if you are out of control and having a heart attack. Other physical signs include profuse sweating, heavy or labored breathing, pounding or racing heart that can cause chest pain, weakness or dizziness, numbness or tingling in the hands or other extremities, a feeling hot or a cold chill, tingly or numb hands and stomach pain. While some people can identify their triggers for a panic attack, they often come on suddenly. One of the biggest sources of panic is the fear of having another attack. Connection to addiction Drugs and alcohol are often used by those with panic disorder as a way to calming themselves or numb their fear of a looming attack.A study published in Behavior Research and Therapy found that 10 percent to 20 percent of individuals with panic disorder struggle with substance abuse and that alcoholism occurs in 10 percent to 40 percent of those who have panic disorder. However, since alcohol and drug abuse can trigger panic attacks, this attempt at self-medication often exacerbates the problem.
More: Panic Disorder: Causes & Treatment for Panic Attacks | LiveScience
Lets approach the situation in a measured fashion. First, try to recall the images that come into your head during a panic attack. Now try playing with the picture in your mind. You might want to relax while you are doing this. Close your eyes and bring to mind your panic images. So, for example, if you imagine your heart bursting, try seeing it in new ways perhaps as infinitely elastic, or so strong that it simply cannot burst. Incidentally your heart is designed to beat at different rates. Its only job is to pump blood and your increased blood pressure wont make an iota of difference to its central function.
Read More: Coping with Panic Images – Panic Disorder – Anxiety